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Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (JND) is a peer reviewed refereed international Journal encompassing all the sub-discipline of Nutrition and Dietetics. Issued twice a year, ISSN 2415-5195. Each issue contains approximately six articles. The journal is published on behalf of Kenya Nutritionists and Dieticians Institute. JND is a publication that promotes national and international nutrition and dietetics specific and sensitive research.

The Journal publishes original research articles, short communications and review articles in the following areas:

  • Clinical nutrition and dietetics.
  • Food service therapy.
  • Community nutrition.
  • Public health nutrition.
  • Nutrition practice and legal issues.
  • Food science and nutrition.
  • Multidisciplinary research related to the above areas.


  • To promotes publication of national and international nutrition and dietetics specific and sensitive research.
  • To research into and provide public education on nutrition and dietetics.


The target audience is primarily nutrition and dietetics scientists, related medical scientists, training institutions and food industry. 

Article Processing Fee:

JND does not receive funding from any institution/government. Hence, the management of the Journal is solely financed by the handling fees received from authors. The manuscript handling fees are required to meet operations expenses including review process and printing of hard copies. Being a print journal authors are required to pay a manuscript handling fee of USD 50 (Ksh. 5200) for the processing of their articles. Authors shall receive one hard copy of a journal and five copies of their articles for free. A copy of the journal shall be charged at USD 40 and any extra copy ordered together shall cost USD 25.  However, there are no submission charges.


Authors are required to make payment only after their manuscripts have been accepted for publication.

Editorial statement

What is the rationale for the creation of the Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics?

Impact factor

To be provided later

Indexing and abstracting

To be provided later

For more information contact



Dr. David Okeyo. MSc, PhD, MPH.

Tel. (+254) 02608882

Email: chiefeditor@kndi.institute


Editorial Secretary,

Linda C Sigilai,


Email: kndijournal@gmail.com

Dr. David Okeyo - Editor-In-Chief



Dr. David O. Okeyo, PhD (MSc, MPH) - Kenya Nutritionists and Dieticians Institute.



Prof. Edward G. Karuri, PhD - University of Nairobi.

Prof. Anselimo Makokha, PhD - Jomo Kenyatta University of Science and Technology.

Dr. Gordon Nguka, PhD - Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology.


Editorial Office

Ms Linda Sigilai  - Kenya Nutritionists and Dieticians Institute.

Ms. Ruth Akelola - Kenya Nutritionists and Dieticians Institute.



Apply to become a reviewer reviewer@kndi.institute.


Editorial office

For questions related to manuscript submission:

Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics

P.O. Box, 20436-00100,

Nairobi, Kenya

Tel. +254 (020) 260 8882

Email: kndijournal@kndi.institute


Current Issue

articles in the most current issue.

Click the links below to order any of the issue.

Volume 2 Issue 1, 2018

List of Issues

issues and their respective articles in the journal.

Volume 1 issue 1 2017    CLICK TO ORDER ISSUE

Enhancing universal health coverage  through  nutrition and dietetics internship, CPD programme and research.  CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

David Omondi Okeyo and Julia Ojiambo

Dietary  knowledge as a determinant  of the dietary practices  and nutrition status  of amateurs male strength – athletes. CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

Jeff Wamiti  Muthui and  Edward  Gichohi Karuri

Prevalence and contributing  factors of malnutrition among children aged  6 to 24 months attending well-baby clinic at Mbagathi  District Hospital, Nairobi.

Self perceived body  weight status  among healthcare  workers in Kisumu, Kenya.  CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

Zakari M. Ondicho, David Omondi Okeyo, Christine Agatha Onyango

Perceived knowledge and attitudes towards African indigenous vegetables among high school students  in Kakamega county, Kenya. CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

Sigilai Linda,  David Omondi Okeyo, Asenath  Sigot, Emil Gevorgyan.

Household production  and consumption frequency of mursik among 1-5  years old children in Kapsabet location, Uasin Gishu county, Kenya. ORDER ARTICLE

Erick Kirui and Gordon Nguka

Volume 2 issue 1 2018      CLICK TO ORDER ISSUE

Spatial  distribution and predictors of vitamin A deficiency among children 6-23 months in Bungoma and Busia Counties, Kenya.  CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

Mary  Anyango et al

ABSTRACT: The study determined the prevalence and geospatial distribution of vitamin A deficiency among children aged 6-23 months in Busia and Bungoma counties. Analysis of spatial patterns using spatial indices and geographical visualizations of the presence and absence of significant high and low values of VAD was done. ArcGIS and GeoDa 1.6 were used for spatial analysis. A null hypothesis of spatial randomness was tested at a level of significance α=0.005 against the thought of Spatial Autocorrelation (SA). It was rejected giving a strong evidence of significant spatial patterns of VAD distribution in Bungoma and Busia. Local Indicators of Spatial Association were used to assess levels of local clustering. Regression analysis was conducted to model the most significant prediction equation for a set of 12 covariates. Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis was conducted followed by Ordinary Least Squares Regression (OLSR) on the predictor variables. Dependent variable was VAD while spatial and demographic variables were the independent variables. The results of OLSR were scrutinized by a set test diagnostic for the existence of spatial dependence (Lagrange Multiplier diagnostics). Analysis of Moran’s Index in Bungoma and Busia revealed heavy clustering of High-High (MI≥0.9). Lower parts of Bungoma and Busia showed heavy clustering of Low-Low values of VAD (MI≥0.9). Spatial error model yielded varying levels of coefficients with diverse spatial and non-spatial independent variables at α≤0.005 with a sensitivity of 999 permutations and λ=0.381. OLSR identified length of crop growing period, distance to health facilities and towns as the most significant spatial predictors of VAD.

 Key Words: VAD, Spatial distribution, Predictors

Positive deviant intervention prevents acute malnutrition in younger siblings of malnourished children Migori County, Kenya. CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

Calvince Otieno et al

ABSTRACT: Positive Deviance (PD) Hearth program is designed to reverse Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) and prevent Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) in children below five years. The aim of the present study was to establish the degree to which PD Hearth prevents malnutrition among the younger siblings of children in the program and to identify the role of the PD Hearth program on improving local capacity and community participation and empowerment on nutrition interventions. PD Hearth program was designed in Migori County to reverse MAM and prevent SAM in undernourished children. Younger siblings of 60 children in the program were identified through single stage cluster sampling to evaluate the nutrition outcome six (6) months after the Hearth sessions. A pipeline quasi-experimental design and mixed methods were used to collect data and perform statistical analyses. Anthropometric measurements (height and weight) for the younger siblings of the children in the program were taken; chiefs and the CHWs were also interviewed using a pretest questionnaire. Younger siblings aged 0-6 months and 6-12 months had high nutrition indicators (above -1 score) for mean Weight-for-Height (WAZ), Height-for-Age (HAZ) and Weight-for-Height (WHZ). Also, siblings in the age categories, 12-24 had high Z-scores (greater than -1 score) in WHZ and WAZ but not HAZ (-2.14±0.04). The PD Hearth program had positive influence on the home and health care practices by mothers and health workers respectively. The caregivers also noted that involvement of the local leaders contributed to the success of the PD Hearth program.


Key words: Positive, deviance, Hearth, program, malnutrition

Household food security and nutritional status of HIV  Zero-positive patients in Longisa County Hospital, Kenya CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

Kenneth Kipngeno Tonui et al

ABSTRACT: Globally a total of 842 million people was food insecure between 2011 and 2013. The prevalence of food insecurity in Africa is high whereby close to 25% of Africa’s population is food insecure More than 10 million Kenyans are chronically food insecure and 1.6 million have HIV. Food insecurity remains a crucial problem in poor households, and its implications worsen in disease states including Human Immuno-deficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. The purpose of this study was to assess the household food security and the nutritional status of HIV sero-positive patients attending Comprehensive Care Clinic at Longisa County Hospital, Bomet County. The study used a cross-sectional study design on a sample size of 210 HIV sero-positive patients. A questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic and socio-economic factors, anthropometric measurements, and food security status. Statistical analysis was done using Pearson-moment correlation, Chi-square, Independent sample t-test and one-way ANOVA. Results showed that 61.6% were females, household food insecurity prevalence was 17.7% About 23.7% of the respondent’s households had severe household hunger. Mean Household Hunger Scale score (HHS) was 1.56±0.061 indicating that most of the respondent’s households experienced moderate household hunger. 7.6% of the respondents were severely undernourished, and 15.2% were moderately undernourished. There was a significant relationship between nutritional status measured by BMI and household food security status at p=0.001. Household food security status measured by HHS and nutritional status had a significant association at p=0.001. Household food security status is a core determinant of the nutritional status of HIV sero-positive clients. Such information provides an ample platform for optimizing ART, enhancing rehabilitation, and adherence to treatment.

 Key words: Household food security, nutritional status, HIV sero-positive, dietary intake, malnutrition

Effect of nutrition education among fathers on exclusive breastfeeding of infants in Kisumu, Kenya CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

Lynette Aoko Dinga-Owiti et al

ABSTRACT: Breastfeeding is essential for infants providing them the much-needed nutrients for a health start. The World Health Organization recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of the infant’s life. The objective of this study was to assess the influence of nutritional education among fathers on exclusive breastfeeding practices for infants aged 0-6 months in Kisumu County, Kenya. An interventional study was conducted. The study setting was Kisumu East Sub County, Kenya. A total of 290 father-mother pairs were recruited into the study. Recruitment took place at Kisumu County hospital when the mothers were at 23-27 weeks gestational age. Pairs were randomized into either intervention or control group with 145 pairs per group.  Pairs in the intervention group received nutrition education on breastfeeding (exclusive breastfeeding and male involvement), while those in the control group did not receive any intervention during the one-year research period. Quantitative data on exclusive breastfeeding practice, maternal and paternal knowledge and support towards breastfeeding were collected using an interviewer administered pretested questionnaire, while qualitative data were collected through 4 focus group discussions in both intervention and control groups. The proportion of infants fed only mother’s milk at 6 months was significantly higher (77.7 %) in the intervention group than in the control group (45.1%, p<0.001). Fathers in the intervention group who had been exposed to nutrition education on breastfeeding and were knowledgeable on exclusive breastfeeding were twice more likely to exclusively breastfeed. Nutrition education to fathers on breastfeeding impacts positively on breastfeeding rates.

Key words: Nutrition Education, Father, Exclusive breastfeeding, Kenya.

Cancer  screening in association with consumption of leafy vegetables among a peri urban community of Nairobi  metropolis, Kenya. CLICK TO ORDER ARTICLE

Caroline Wakuthie Muthike et al

ABSTRACT: Cancer is an increasing health burden in the developing world. Diet and early cancer screening have been shown to be among the few measures that could either prevent or enable early detection hence higher chances of cure. Consumption of at least five servings of vegetables per day has been recommended in order to combat cancer and other non-communicable diseases. The objective of this study was to determine the consumption of green leafy vegetables and cancer screening. This study was cross-sectional in design which used a structured questionnaire to get quantitative information. Random sampling was used to get 439 households which participated through one respondent. The method used was interviewer administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) over a week’s period and a demographics and economics questionnaire. Data was computed using the SPPS V. 16 software. Association was done using chi-square analysis individuals were interviewed on cancer screening. Significance level was at 95% or a P=0.05.The prevalence of cancer in the area was at 4%. More females (23%) than males (14%) went for cancer screening. There was a significant association between gender and cancer screening (χ28.034, df=1, P=0.005). There was also a significant association between occupation and cancer screening (χ228.158, df =6, P=0.000). The most daily consumed leafy vegetables were kales (18.72%), spinach (16.44%) and cabbages (5.71%). Consumption frequency of vegetables that were associated with cancer screening include: broccoli (P=0.00,Cl(0.000-0.001), kales(P=0.01,Cl(0.009-0.015), mushroom P=0.02,Cl(0.014-0.021), Spinach P=0.00,Cl(0.001-0.003) and pumpkin P=0.02Cl(0.019-0.027).The demographics associated with cancer screening were found to be gender and occupation. The vegetable consumption frequency that was associated with cancer screening includes: broccoli, kales, mushroom, spinach and pumpkin leaves.

 Keywords: Cancer screening, Cancer, Leafy green vegetables, Consumption frequency



Articles in Press

 articles that have been accepted but not yet available in the current issue.

Volume 3 issue 1 2019


Special issues

Will comprise of links to all special issues and their respective articles in the journal. At least one special issue will be published per year.


a. Submit a manuscript

Submit manuscripts as e-mail attachment to the Editorial Office at: kndijournal@kndi.institute. After submission you will receive an acknowledgement email with an assigned manuscript number.

Electronic submission of manuscripts Efforts are being made to facilitate this form of submission.

b. Author guidelines

The Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (JND) (ISSN 2415-5195) is PRINT journal that provides rapid publication bi-annually of scientific articles in all subject areas of the subject of Nutrition and Dietetics. JND welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence.


Language: All manuscripts should be written in British English.       

Article length: The number of words should be <2,500 for short communication, 4000-6000 for original articles and 6000-8,000 for review articles. Tables and figure should be kept to a minimum. Both figures and tables should not exceed five.


The Title Page: Should contain a brief title that (Max. 20 words) describes the contents of the paper. The Title Page should include the authors’ full names and affiliations, the name of the corresponding first author along with e-mail and phone number.


The Abstract: Should be informative and completely self-explanatory, briefly present the topic, state the scope of the experiments or study other designs, indicate significant data, and pointing out major findings and conclusions. The abstract should be 250 words in length. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. No literature should be cited. All abstracts should be detailed and follow the sequence background, objective, results, and conclusion continuous pros and one paragraphs.


Keywords Following the abstract, about 5 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed.


The Introduction: Should provide a clear background statement of the problem, supported by relevant literature on the subject highlighting gaps in knowledge and justification of the study. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.


Materials and Methods: Should be complete enough to allow experiments and other study designs to be reproduced. However, only truly new procedures should be described in detail; previously published procedures should be properly cited, and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly. Capitalize trade names and include the manufacturer’s name and address. Subheadings should be used. Methods in general use need not be described in detail.

Results: Should be presented with clarity and precision. The results should be written in the past tense when describing findings in the author(s)’s study designs. Previously published findings should be written in the present tense. Results should be explained, but largely without referring to the literature.


Discussion: Speculation, critique and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the results but should be put into the discussion section. The Discussion should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in current and in past studies on this topic. Discussion section can include subheadings, and when appropriate, both sections can be combined.


Conclusion: The conclusion should include the most important findings of the study based on the set objectives and research questions/hypothesis, the author’s own findings, possible solutions to the problem, recommendations for further research, etc.


The Acknowledgments: People, grants, funds, etc. acknowledgements should be brief and should appear at the end of the paper just before references.


Conflict of interest Authors are responsible for disclosing any conflicts of interest that might bias the interpretation of results.


References: All references should use the Vancouver style of references. Articles should have a 15-40 reference, unless approved by the Editor.

Sample References

  1. O'Campo P, Dunn JR, editors. Rethinking social epidemiology: towards a science of change. Dordrecht: Springer; 2012. 348 p.
  2. Schiraldi GR. Post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: a guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Internet]. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2000 [cited 2006 Nov 6]. 446 p. Available from: http://books.mcgraw-hill.com/getbook.php?isbn=0071393722&template=#toc DOI: 10.1036/0737302658
  3. Halpen-Felsher BL, Morrell HE. Preventing and reducing tobacco use. In: Berlan ED, Bravender T, editors. Adolescent medicine today: a guide to caring for the adolescent patient [Internet]. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co.; 2012 [cited 2012 Nov 3]. Chapter 18. Available from: http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/pdf/​1142/9789814324496_0018
  4. Stockhausen L, Turale S. An explorative study of Australian nursing scholars and contemporary scholarship. J Nurs Scholarsh [Internet]. 2011 Mar [cited 2013 Feb 19];43(1):89-96. Available from: http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.lib.monash.edu.au/docview/858241255?accountid=12528
  5. Kanneganti P, Harris JD, Brophy RH, Carey JL, Lattermann C, Flanigan DC. The effect of smoking on ligament and cartilage surgery in the knee: a systematic review. Am J Sports Med [Internet]. 2012 Dec [cited 2013 Feb 19];40(12):2872-8. Available from: http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/40/12/2872 DOI: 10.1177/0363546512458223
  6. Subbarao M. Tough cases in carotid stenting [DVD]. Woodbury (CT): Cine-Med, Inc.; 2003. 1 DVD: sound, color, 4 3/4 in.
  7. Stem cells in the brain [television broadcast]. Catalyst. Sydney: ABC; 2009 Jun 25.

Tables: Should be kept to a minimum and be designed to be as simple as possible. Tables are to be typed one-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Tables should be prepared in Microsoft Word. Each table should be included after references on a separate page. They should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and supplied with a heading (and a legend where necessary). Tables should be self-explanatory without reference to the text. The details of the methods used in the study should preferably be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph forms or repeated in the text.

Figures should be kept to a minimum. Each should be included after the tables, each on its own page. Graphics should be prepared using applications capable of generating high resolution GIF, TIFF, JPEG or PowerPoint before pasting in the Microsoft Word manuscript file.  Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper-case letters for their parts (Fig 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

c. Article Processing Fee

JND is a self-supporting organization and does not receive funding from any institution/government. Hence, the management of the Journal is solely financed by the handling fees received from authors. The manuscript handling fees are required to meet operations expenses such as employees’ salaries, internet services, webhosting, application development and support, electricity etc. Being an Open Access Journal, JND does not receive payment for subscription, as the journal is freely accessible over the internet. Authors are required to pay a manuscript-handling fee of USD 70 for the processing of their articles. Authors are required to make payment only after their manuscripts have been accepted for publication.

d. Peer Review Process

JND operates a single-blind peer-review system, where the reviewers are aware of the names and affiliations of the authors, but the reviewer reports provided to authors are anonymous. Publication of research articles by JND is dependent primarily on their scientific validity and coherence as judged by our external expert editors and/or peer reviewers. They will also assess whether the writing is comprehensible and whether the work represents a useful contribution to the field of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Submitted manuscripts will generally be reviewed by two to three experts who will be asked to evaluate whether the manuscript is scientifically sound and coherent, whether it duplicates already published work, and whether or not the manuscript is sufficiently clear for publication. Reviewers will also be asked to indicate how interesting and significant the research is. Decisions will be made as rapidly as possible, and the journal strives to return reviewers comments to authors within 8 weeks. The Editors will reach a decision based on these reports and, where necessary, they will consult with members of the Editorial Board.





For more information contact


Dr. David Okeyo. MSc, PhD, MPH.

Tel. (+254) 02608882

Email: chiefeditor@kndi.institute


Editorial Secretary,

Linda C Sigilai,


Email: kndijournal@gmail.com


Subscription to Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics is either on an institutional (campus) basis or a personal basis. Subscriptions are on a calendar year basis. Subscriptions will be renewed automatically unless a notification of cancellation has been received before 1st December before the start of the new subscription year. Please note: Personal subscribers must provide a home delivery and invoice address.


The following subscription options are available for Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics:

Individual Offers

Yearly subscription Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (print and online): USD 25

Yearly subscription Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (print only): USD 15

Yearly subscription Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (online only): USD 10

Institutional Offers

Yearly subscription Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (print and online): USD 100

Yearly subscription Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (print only): USD 75

Yearly subscription Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics (online only): USD 25


For more questions related to subscriptions contact:

Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics

P.O. Box, 20436-00100,

Nairobi, Kenya

Tel. (+254) 02608882